Indus Valley Civilization is renowned for various arts because the people of that era had great taste for pottery, dancing, painting and the art of making sculptures. Reports say that the history of Indian art and sculptures dates back to second and third millennium BC. Indian art had attained such a great level of expertise and beauty at that point of time which is matchless even today. Two objects found from the remains of Indus Valley maintain an elevated position among the carvings of their time and are quoted as an illustration and a role model owing to their marvelous sophistication. One of these objects was a bronze girl depicted as enjoying herself dancing and the other was a limestone made priest’s bust.
Various diverse ranges of sculptures were reported to be found from that period. These include Terracotta Seals, Bronze and Stone Sculptures, Pillars, Two Shell Objects and Animal Sculptures etc. In that era sculptures were mainly made of stone, metals and terra-cotta. With the passage of time bronze made sculptures also gained popularity. A very fascinating strategy was utilized known as lost wax process to make sculptures of bronze metal. The best model of this is the sculpture of a girl covered with ornaments which was located in the remains of Moenjo-Darro. Female body models were made out of terracotta along with sculpts of peepal leaves. Baked clay pots were also in vogue; they were made from a special type of clay and then painted with vibrant colors and intricate designs. Stone was shaped and polished to depict dancing individuals; such stone sculptures found reveal the inclination of the inhabitants of that civilization towards singing and dancing.
Various cities led to the discovery of some seals with engraved pictures and figures over them. These seals were usually rectangular in shape with some un-understandable script that looked like a writing of some sort. Towards the top of the seals some imprinted images of humans and animals were observed. Studies have yielded the conclusion that these were probably used in the process of exchange of goods and trade. All this stuff provides an insightful sneak peek into the lives of the people of that time, about their religious believes, social interactions and daily routine activities. This fact highlights the importance of the art of sculpture making and how efficient a tool it is to decipher the social norms of a society from its artifacts.
Gabriel Ryan is an artist who is passionate about poster art. Check out his website www.juliasantengallery.com where you will also find antique posters.